Kingdom - Animalia
Phylum - Chordata
Class - Actinopterygii
Order - Cypriniformes
Family - Cyprinidae
Genus - Carassius

Veiltail goldfish


The veiltail was developed around 1890 in the United States by breeding a Japanese ryukin with a telescope eye goldfish.
Scientific Info
Scientific Name - Carassius auratus
Diet - Omnivore
Size - 6 - 8"
Lifestyle - 15 years
Skin Type - Scales
Habitat - Freshwater

The veiltail was developed around 1890 in the United States by breeding a Japanese ryukin with a telescope eye goldfish. The resulting goldfish variety was known at the time as the Philadelphia veiltails. Other variants of the goldfish include the European and Chinese veiltails.

Veiltails have bodies that are shaped similar to the ryukins, though it doesn't have the hump on the back that are characteristic of the ryukin. They are popular goldfish variety with a long and lengthy double tail that lacks any indentation or forking between the lobes. A good veiltail specimen has a tall dorsal fin that matches the height of the body.

They are not elegant swimmers and should only be kept with simiarly shaped goldfish. Due to the delicate nature of their long flowing fins, veiltails should be kept in aquariums without sharp objects, which can easily damage the fins. Veiltails prefer temperatures that are higher than 60°F.


The Veiltail Goldfish is an egg-shaped variety of goldfish. This goldfish variety will generally reach about 6 - 7 inches (15 - 18 cm), though about 3 - 4 inches (7.5 - 10 cm) of that length is the tail. The average goldfish life span is 10 – 15 years, though living 20 years or more is not uncommon in well maintained goldfish aquariums and ponds.

Due to the body shape of the veiltail, the fish’s swim bladders are round in shape rather than elongated. This makes veil tail goldfish more vulnerable to developing a loss of balance. Many older veiltails will not display perfect balance as they age.

Because the veiltails fins are so long and luxurious, it is vitally important to ensure that a top quality, balanced diet is fed to the fish. This ensures that the fins and tail stay in good condition and do not become congested or raggedy.

The length of the fins and tail itself can hamper movement in some veil tail fish. They therefore tend to be quite slow-moving.

Veiltails also tend to become stressed in busy tanks or tanks with faster fish, and they may become the target for bullies due to their easy-to-grab tail and fins.


Due to their very long tails and fins, the movement of mature veiltails may be hampered. It is therefore important to ensure that the breeding tank has plenty of open space to avoid the fish from becoming tangled in the substrate, dividers or spawning medium.

The male and female veiltail are very similar, both having a short, round body shape. The female will often appear slimmer than the male other than when gravid. During the breeding season, telling male from female is relatively easy.

Foods and Feeding

Since they are omnivorous, the Veiltail Goldfish will generally eat all kinds of fresh, frozen, and flake foods. To keep a good balance give them a high quality flake food everyday. To care for your Veiltail Goldfish, feed brine shrimp (either live or frozen), blood worms, Daphnia, or tubifex worms as a treat. It is usually better to feed freeze-d


Goldfish are very social animals and thrive in a community. Not only are they a great community fish but they are great scavengers as well. The Veiltail Goldfish, along with many other egg-shaped goldfish like the the Bubble Eye Goldfish, Telescope Goldfish, Celestial Goldfish, and Lionhead Goldfish are all slow swimmers. They cannot readily compete for food with other types of goldfish so should may not fare well if housed with them, but they will do well housed together.


The Veiltail goldfish has three scale types: metallic, solid reddish orange, nacreous which is speckled and matt which is a whitish color. This variety is also available in calico.

Sex: Sexual differences

Although is it impossible to sex Goldfish when they are young and not in breeding season, the male is usually smaller and more slender that the female. In the breeding season the male has white prickles, called breeding tubercles, on its gill covers and head. Seen from above the female will have a fatter appearance as she is carrying eggs.

Breeding / Reproduction

Veiltail Goldfish are egg layers that spawn in the right conditions. However they are difficult to breed, and especially difficult to breed true to type. They need to be kept in cold water during the winter, and then gradually increase the temperature in about March to 50° F (10° C) to bring them into breeding condition. At this point clean their environment and give them good quality goldfish flake food along with frozen brine shrimp and bloodworms. Some breeders suggest you treat them for parasites. Then further increase the temperature gradually to 65° F (18° C). For best fertilization, have a ratio of one female to two males. See Breeding Freshwater Fish - Goldfish for more information on breeding Goldfish.

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